Traffic-related air toxics and preterm birth: a population-based case-control study in Los Angeles county, California
From the Web page
Numerous studies have associated air pollutant exposures with adverse birth outcomes, but there is still relatively little information to attribute effects to specific emission sources or air toxics. We used three exposure data sources to examine risks of preterm birth in Los Angeles women when exposed to high levels of traffic-related air pollutants – including specific toxics – during pregnancy.
Odds of preterm birth increased 6-21% per inter-quartile range increase in entire pregnancy exposures to organic carbon (OC), elemental carbon (EC), benzene, and diesel, biomass burning and ammonium nitrate PM2.5, and 30% per inter-quartile increase in PAHs; these pollutants were positively correlated and clustered together in a factor analysis. Associations with LUR exposure metrics were weaker (3-4% per inter-quartile range increase).
These latest analyses provide additional evidence of traffic-related air pollution’s impact on preterm birth for women living in Southern California and indicate PAHs as a pollutant of concern that should be a focus of future studies. Other PAH sources besides traffic were also associated with higher odds of preterm birth, as was ammonium nitrate PM2.5, the latter suggesting potential importance of secondary pollutants. Future studies should focus on accurate modeling of both local and regional spatial and temporal distributions, and incorporation of source information.
- Air pollution ‘ups preterm birth risk by 30 pc’ (news.bioscholar.com)
- US preterm birth rate under 12 percent, the lowest level in nearly a decade (eurekalert.org)
- U.S. Gets ‘C’ In Premature Birth Rates (huffingtonpost.com)
- World Prematurity Day (gallipot.wordpress.com)
November 20, 2011 Posted by Janice Flahiff | Public Health | Air pollution, Particulate, Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, pregnancy, Preterm birth, toxicants, traffic-related air toxicants | Leave a comment
This blog presents a sampling of health and medical news and resources for all. Selected articles and resources will hopefully be of general interest but will also encourage further reading through posted references and other links. Currently I am focusing on public health, basic and applied research and very broadly on disease and healthy lifestyle topics.
Several times a month I will post items on international and global health issues. My Peace Corps Liberia experience (1980-81) has formed me as a global citizen in many ways and has challenged me to think of health and other topics in a more holistic manner. (For those wishing to see pictures of a 2009 Friends of Liberia service trip to this West African country, please visit www.fol.org. My photo album is included).
This blog is a companion site to my Health and Medical News and Resources Web site with…
- Informational sites and guides
- Links to help from others (as health care providers and support groups)
- Interactive tools (as health calculators and apps)
- Select related news sites and blogs
My professional work experience and education includes over 10 years experience as a medical librarian and a Master’s in Library Science. In my most recent position I enjoyed contributing to our library’s blog, performing in depth literature searches, and collaborating with faculty, staff, students, and the general public.
While I will never be be able to keep up with the universe of current health/medical news,
I subscribe to the following to glean entries for this blog
- Medical News Today, a MediLexicon International daily online health news product
- MedLib-L ,a medical librarian discussion list
- Science Daily – Your source for the latest research news
- A Consumer and Patient Health (CAPHIS) discussion list , by a section of the Medical Library Association (MLA)
- MedlinePlus email updates from the US National Institutes of Health
- Public Health Partners from the National Library of Medicine
- US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) electronic newsletter with updates on the agency’s efforts to “improve the quality, safety, efficiency, and effectiveness of health care for all Americans”
- Krafty (Medical)Librarian,” a collection of writings from Michelle Kraft on items of interest to medical librarians. She tends to write on technology and medical libraries but she also writes about things in general on librarianship, medicine and health”
- Research Buzz, “news about search engines, digital archives, online museums, databases, and other Internet information collections since 1998″
- Library Journal – Breaking News
- librarian.net by librarian consultant Jessamyn West
- The Cornflower, the blog of the National Network of Libraries of Medicine Greater Midwest Region
- DocuTicker with “abstracts from ‘grey literature’: PDF reports published by government agencies, think tanks, NGOs, research institutes and other public interest groups”
- PubMed New and Noteworthy, updates from the largest indexer of biomedical journals in the world
- Free Government Information, a “place for initiating dialogue and building consensus among the various players (libraries, government agencies, non-profit organizations, researchers, journalists, etc.) who have a stake in the preservation of and perpetual free access to government information”
- Scout Report, a “weekly publication offering a selection of new and newly discovered Internet resources of interest to researchers and educators”
- Latest from Brookings Institute, independent research reports on social and political issues
- KevinMD.com -”Social Media’s leading physician voice”
- EurekAlert-Medicine and Health
- HHS and NIH take steps to enhance transparency of clinical trial results
- [News article] Vaccination leads to decline in pneumococcal disease and antibiotic resistance | Daily Science News
- ‘[news article] Smart’ drugs won’t make smart people smarter, research concludes — ScienceDaily
- [Press release] ‘Nudges’ try to help college students live healthier
- [News article] Understanding natural compounds when antibiotics no longer work — ScienceDaily
- Health Shouldn’t Require Wealth: How ACA Increases Coverage of the Uninsured
- [News article] Marijuana's long-term effects on the brain demonstrated -- ScienceDaily
- [Reblog] Aging Parent Hospitalizations and Observation Status
- [News article] Recognizing emotions, and what happens when this is interrupted -- ScienceDaily
- Misleading Statistical Information in Ads: A Drug Ad Analyzed and Related Evaluation Resources
- What Does the President's Oath of Office Have to do with Public Health?
- How to access journal articles [Repost with additional link]
- Atlas of the Human Body from the American Medical Association & Additional Anatomy Links
- Is the ‘Hidden Brain’ Behind Some Health Disparities? - The NIH Record - May 9, 2014
- Meet the Fats: Some Are Bad, Some Are Better