Health and Medical News and Resources

General interest items edited by Janice Flahiff

Walking and Cycling in Western Europe and the United States: Trends, Policies, and Lessons

 

From the Web site of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academies

A featured article in the May-June 2012 issue of the TR News provides an overview of cycling and walking trends and policies in Western Europe and draws lessons for programs that might succeed in the United States. Highlights include improvements in the transportation infrastructure, with a focus on safety; traffic calming in residential neighborhoods; coordinating walking and cycling with public transport; compact, mixed-use development; and other importable, foundational features.

 

 

 

 

 

 

July 19, 2012 Posted by | Public Health | , , , , , | Leave a comment

How Bikes Can Save Us – An Infographic by Jenica Rhee

Original source —>healthcaremanagementdegree.com

Jennica Rhee is a graduate of the University of Washington with degrees in Political Science and Communication.
She may be found at LinkedIn and Twitter.

Related Resources

  • Bicycle Commuting (Library Guide by Librarian Michael Unsworth at Michigan State Univerity)
  • Urban Design and Planning – Bicycle Commuting (Library Guide by Librarian Alan Michelson at the University of Washington)
  • National Report Ranks Cities and States for Bicycling and Walking (2012 Benchmarking Report reveals new information on levels, safety, funding)

“The report compiles persuasive evidence that bicycle and pedestrian projects create more jobs than highway projects, and provide at least three dollars of benefit for every dollar invested. The report also highlights the health benefits of active transportation, showing that states with the highest rates of bicycling and walking are also among those with the lowest rates of obesity, diabetes, and high blood pressure. “The data points to one conclusion: Investing in biking and walking projects creates jobs, leads to more people biking and walking, and improves safety and public health,” Miller says.”

Related Articles/Blog Items

December 13, 2011 Posted by | Consumer Health, Public Health | , | Leave a comment

The health risks and benefits of cycling in urban environments compared with car use: health impact assessment study

Estació del Bicing de Barcelona de l'Hospital ...

Image via Wikipedia

From an 8 August posting at the (UK) NHS Bolton Library blog

Source: The health risks and benefits of cycling in urban environments compared with car use: health impact assessment study — Rojas-Rueda et al. 343 — bmj.com.

This article is available freely via Open Access. Please click on the above link to view it fully.

Abstract

Objective To estimate the risks and benefits to health of travel by bicycle, using a bicycle sharing scheme, compared with travel by car in an urban environment……

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Results Compared with car users the estimated annual change in mortality of the Barcelona residents using Bicing (n=181 982) was 0.03 deaths from road traffic incidents and 0.13 deaths from air pollution. As a result of physical activity, 12.46 deaths were avoided (benefit:risk ratio 77). The annual number of deaths avoided was 12.28. As a result of journeys by Bicing, annual carbon dioxide emissions were reduced by an estimated 9 062 344 kg.

Conclusions Public bicycle sharing initiatives such as Bicing in Barcelona have greater benefits than risks to health and reduce carbon dioxide emissions.

August 9, 2011 Posted by | Public Health | , , , | Leave a comment

New Data Show Bicycling and Walking Up by 25 Percent

The U.S. Department of Transportation today released new data from the Federal Highway Administration’s 2009 National Household Travel Survey which shows that both bicycling and walking trips have increased by 25 percent since 2001. The FHWA funded Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center included this data in The National Bicycling and Walking Study: A 15-Year Status Report. The report details trends and changes in bicycling and walking since 1994.

Full report here.

June 30, 2010 Posted by | Health News Items | , | Leave a comment

   

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