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Link Found Between Major Depression and Social Conditions

File:World Bank income groups.svg

Blue- High income

Green- Upper middle income

Purple- Lower middle income

Red- Low income

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:World_Bank_income_groups.svg

From a 27 July posting by dal22 in Research Now

Major depression is a serious condition, and can lead to a decline in function and quality of life. A new study published in the most recent issue of BMC Medicine reports on a survey of 89,037 adults from 18 high- and low-middle-income countries. Through face to face interviews, data were collected on prevalence, impairment, and demographic factors associated with depression.

Results showed that the average age of onset was 25.7 years in 10 high-income countries and 24.0 years in 8 low-middle-income countries. The ratio of females to males with major depression was

Countries based on World Bank income groupings for 2006 (calculated by GNI per capita, Atlas method).

   High income
   Upper-middle income
   Lower-middle income
   Low income

approximately 2:1. Major depression was associated with a younger age in high-income countries, while older age showed greater prevalence in several low-middle-income countries. Separation was found to be the most significant demographic factor in high income countries, while being divorced or widowed was most significant in low-middle-income countries.

According to the authors, major depression is a worldwide threat to public health and is strongly associated with social conditions. Further research will be needed for evaluation of risk factors contributing to occurrence of major depressive episodes.

Read the complete article.

July 28, 2011 Posted by | Public Health | , , , , | Leave a comment

   

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