Health and Medical News and Resources

General interest items edited by Janice Flahiff

Autonomous Individual or Cog In The Wheel? [Blog Item at The Public’s Health]

Autonomous Individual or Cog In The Wheel? [ The Public’s Health]

Excerpt from the 29 December 2011 blog item

Although a community can only be as healthy as its collective individuals, by name alone, public health implies promoting wellbeing at the population level, even at the expense of the individual. There are two often-mentioned competing concepts in public health: the principle of autonomy and the ethical theory of utilitarianism.

Autonomy implies individuals have control over their lives and should be able to make decisions governing their health, as they are the only ones who truly understand their own personal choices and lifestyle. For example, if one of us as an individual chooses to consume high fat or high sugar foods, then we should be able to do so without the government imposing taxes on our unhealthy products of choice. It is our body alone, and no one should tell us how to treat it.

Utilitarianism, on the other hand, is an ethical theory that guides decisions based on the act that will produce the greatest benefit to the greatest number of people. …

Read the entire posting by Dr. Rubin here

January 3, 2012 Posted by | Public Health | , , , | Leave a comment

10 Possible Reasons Public Health Communication Strategies on Behaviour Change May be Failing: An introduction to the 2-6-10 Slot Model.© « drnyashamboti

From the abstract of a Paper to be presented at the International Association of Media and Communication Researchers, Durban, 2012, University of KwaZulu-Natal

By Nyasha Mboti

University of KwaZulu Natal

Abstract

Every year many millions of dollars are spent on programmes and strategies to motivate ‘at-risk’ populations to ‘change’ their ‘behaviour’. At issue in this paper is the efficacy of such programmes and strategies. The “2-6-10 slot model” is a simple algorithm I have built to explain some of the seemingly obvious failures of Public Health interventions in Africa targeted at so-called ‘Behaviour Change’, specifically in the domain of HIV and AIDS campaigns. The model is draws on unanswered questions about ‘Behaviour Change’ programmes and strategies and is meant to be a critical commentary on the strategic assumptions of such programmes. In building the model, I argue that the notion of ‘Behaviour Change’ is too vague, sometimes to the point of uselessness. As such, the model asks the questions that public health opinion leaders seldom or never ask. The 2-6-10 slot model focuses on the interventions targeted at so-called ‘multi-partnerism’ and the efforts to motivate people to ‘stick to one partner’. It uses ‘slots’ to describe, characterise and reflect on the gaps that conventional Public Health strategies have failed to explain or fill. The model suggests the adoption of more evidence-based modelling of Public Health strategies as opposed to ones that are largely assumption-led. The 2-6-10 slot model is so-called because it comprises of diagrams, or empty slots, that begin at 2 and increase to 6, 10 and so on. The increase in slots represents the increase in failure of a respective public health intervention.

December 12, 2011 Posted by | Psychology, Public Health | , , , , | Leave a comment

Database of Promoting Health Effectiveness Reviews (DoPHER)

 

Database of Promoting Health Effectiveness Reviews (DoPHER)
http://eppi.ioe.ac.uk/webdatabases/Intro.aspx?ID=2

Focused coverage of systematic and non-systematic reviews of effectiveness
in health promotion and public health worldwide. This register currently
contains details of over 2,500 reviews of health promotion and public
health effectiveness.

There are many ways to search the reports through the Searchtab.
One may browse reports by clicking on the Reporttab, then Explore, and finally Generic Keywords ( focus of the report option)

 

August 28, 2010 Posted by | Public Health | , , , , , | Leave a comment

   

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