January 19, 2013 – New Orleans – We all know that getting a good night’s sleep is good for our general health and well-being. But new research is highlighting a more surprising benefit of good sleep: more feelings of gratitude for relationships.
“A plethora of research highlights the importance of getting a good night’s sleep for physical and psychological well-being, yet in our society, people still seem to take pride in needing, and getting, little sleep,” says Amie Gordon of the University of California, Berkeley. “And in the past, research has shown that gratitude promotes good sleep, but our research looks at the link in the other direction and, to our knowledge, is the first to show that everyday experiences of poor sleep are negatively associated with gratitude toward others – an important emotion that helps form and maintain close social bonds.”
Social psychologists are increasingly finding that “prosocial” behavior – including expressing gratitude and giving to others – is key to our psychological well-being. Even how we choose to spend our money on purchases affects our health and happiness. And children develop specific ways to help others from a very young age. Gordon and other researchers will be presenting some of these latest findings at the Society for Personality and Social Psychology (SPSP) annual meeting today in New Orleans.
Sleeping to feel grateful…
[Article continues to summarize other findings as
- giving away money to feel wealthy
- buying experiences to feel wealthy
- knowing what is best to help others]
- Strong links between our well-being and giving, getting, and gratitude (scienceblog.com)
- Want to feel more grateful in life? Try sleeping more (theglobeandmail.com)
- Tired Couples May Take Each Other For Granted (news.health.com)
M. Kaptein , Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) – Rotterdam School of Management (RSM)
Source: Social Science Research Network
Why do good people sometimes do bad things in their work? This important question for the management of the ethics and integrity of an organization is addressed in this book. Drawing on social-psychological experiments, a model of 7 cultural factors is presented.
- Ethical Quandary at Work? Here’s How to Handle It (empwaynek.wordpress.com)
A week ago my husband and I were in the backseats of a van. The driver carried on an extensive conversation via cell phone. It was a very jovial conversation, he was much less tense than in most conversations with us. So, did the cell phone provide a much needed escape from us? or create a less social atmosphere overall??
(Goes without saying how nervous we were about his driving while talking on the cell phone!)
A recent study from the University of Maryland’s Robert H. Smith School of Business finds that even though cell phones are generally thought to connect people with each other, they may make users less socially minded. The findings of various experiments conducted by marketing professors Anastasiya Pocheptsova and Rosellina Ferraro with graduate student, Ajay T. Abraham have been published in their working paper The Effect of Mobile Phone Use on Pro-social Behavior. ..
…Their findings revealed that participants were less likely to volunteer for a community service when asked after a short period of using their cell phone, than those in the control-group and were also less persistent in solving word problems, despite knowing their answers would result in a monetary donation to charity.
The cell phone users’ lower interest in others also persisted when asked to simply draw a picture of their cell phones and think about how they used them.
The researchers referred to earlier studies in explaining the key cause of their findings, saying:
“The cell phone directly evokes feelings of connectivity to others, thereby fulfilling the basic human need to belong.”
This leads to a lower desire to connect with others or to be empathic towards others. It also decreases pro-social behavior, which means wanting to act in order to benefit another person or society as a whole. …
- Braille-Like Texting App Eliminates Need To Look At Mobile Screen (Medical News Today)
- Is your cell phone turning you into a jerk? (healthland.time.com)
- Is Your Cell Phone Making You a Jerk? (healthland.time.com)
- Cell Phone Use Linked to Selfishness (blippitt.com)
- Is Your Cell Phone Making You a Jerk? (kissinsummer.wordpress.com)
- Your cell phone may be turning you selfish [Weird Science] (io9.com)
- Your Phone Is Making You Into a Terrible Person [Study] (jezebel.com)
- Study: Cell Phones Satisfy Social Cravings, Stifle Prosocial Behavior (it4good.wordpress.com)
- Cellphone use linked to selfish behavior in UMD study (eurekalert.org)
Workstation – Building a Bridge to a Lonely Colleague – NYTimes.com and Related Article about Lonliness in General
From the 28 January article
IT’S lonely at the top, or so it is said. But in fact it doesn’t matter where a person is in the office hierarchy — employees at all levels become lonely, even when other workers are all around them….
Because it is part of the human condition, loneliness is often regarded as a personal problem. But managers may need to view it as an organizational issue as well, according to research by Professor Barsade and Hakan Ozcelik, an associate business professor at California State University, Sacramento.
In a recent study of more than 650 workers, the two researchers found that loneliness — as reported both by the sufferer and his or her co-workers — reduces an employee’s productivity. This was true on both individual and team-oriented tasks.
Just look at what loneliness can do to a person, and you’ll see why. “Loneliness tends to distort social cognition and influences an individual’s interpersonal behavior, resulting in increased hostility, negativity, depressed mood, increased anxiety, lack of perceived control and decreased cooperativeness,” Dr. Wright says.
Professor Barsade is investigating whether loneliness may also be “contagious,” the way she has found emotions like anger and happiness to be in the workplace…
From the Fri Jan 27, 2012 Medical News Today article
- How to Handle Loneliness (everydayhealth.com)
- Why Loneliness Matters (webmd.com)
- Loneliness May Cause Fitful Sleep (nlm.nih.gov)
Hmm…Not only is it better to give than receive, but it is much better to give them what they want!
Give them what they want: The beneﬁts of explicitness in gift exchange (PDF–Full Text)
Source: Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 47 (2011) 915–922
Five studies show that gift recipients are more appreciative of gifts they explicitly request than those they do not. In contrast, gift givers assume that both solicited and unsolicited gifts will be equally appreciated. At the root of this dilemma is a difference of opinion about what purchasing an unsolicited gift signals: gift givers expect unsolicited gifts will be considered more thoughtful and considerate by their intended recipients than is actually the case (Studies 1–3). In our ﬁnal two studies, we highlight two boundary conditions for this effect: identifying a speciﬁc gift and using money as a gift. When gift recipients request one speciﬁc gift, rather than providing a list of possible gifts, givers become more willing to purchase the requested gift (Study 4). Further, although givers believe that recipients do not appreciate receiving money as much as receiving a solicited gift, recipients feel the opposite about these two gift options (Study 5).
- Classy Ways To Trim Your Holiday Gift List (businessinsider.com)
It turns out nice guys can finish first, and David Rand has the evidence to prove it.
Rand, a post-doctoral fellow in Harvard’s Department of Psychology and a Lecturer in Human Evolutionary Biology, is the lead author of a new paper, which found that dynamic, complex social networks encourage their members to be friendlier and more cooperative, with the possible payoff coming in an expanded social sphere, while selfish behavior can lead to an individual being shunned from the group and left – literally on their own.
As described this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), the research is among the first such studies to examine social interaction as a fluid, ever-changing process. Previous studies of complex social networks largely used static snapshots of the groups to examine how members were or were not connected. This new approach, Rand said, is the closest scientists have yet come to describing the way the planet’s 6 billion inhabitants interact on a daily basis.
“What we are showing is the importance of the dynamic, flexible nature of real-world social networks,” Rand said. “Social networks are always shifting, and they’re not shifting in random ways. …..
- Scientifically Speaking, Nice Guys Do Not Actually Finish Last [Science] (gizmodo.com)
- Duh, Social Networks Want Real Names Only (essayboard.com)
- Twitter, There’s Nothing Wrong With Being A Social Network – TechCrunch (techcrunch.com)
- Microsoft Research’s Socl Social Network Gets A Little More Real (techcrunch.com)
- 5 New Social Networks You Should Know About (learningwithtechs.wordpress.com)
- Microsoft working on its own social network Socl (digitaltrends.com)
- wind2share – A Social Business Network Launches its Web Based Platform – PR Web (press release) (prweb.com)
- Why are social networks so popular? – San Francisco Chronicle (blog) (sfgate.com)
November 16, 2011 Posted by Janice Flahiff | Health News Items, Medical and Health Research News, Psychology | altruism, Crowd psychology, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, psychology, selfishness, Social network, Social psychology | Leave a comment
Effects of male aggression in response to insult most felt in South, West US states
Los Angeles, CA (August 15, 2011) Men sometimes prove themselves by taking risks that demonstrate their toughness and bravery. Putting yourself in peril might establish manliness, but it can also lead to high rates of accidental death, particularly among men who live in states with a “culture of honor,” according to a study in the current Social Psychological and Personality Science (published by SAGE).
A culture of honor puts a high value on the defense of reputation—sometimes with violence. It can develop in environments with historically few natural resources, danger of rustling, and low police presence. States with strong cultures of honor in the U.S. are in the South and West, such as South Carolina, Texas and Wyoming. People from honor states tend to respond to reputation threats with higher levels of hostility and violence compared to people from non-honor states, mostly in the Northeast and upper Midwest, such as New York, Wisconsin and Ohio.
People who most believe in a culture of honor—who agree that “A real man doesn’t let other people push him around” or that aggression is a reasonable response to being insulted—told the researchers they were quite willing to engage in risky behaviors, such as bungee jumping or gambling away a week’s wages.
This willingness to take risks might well translate into an early death, according to Collin Barnes, Ryan Brown and Michael Tamborski of the University of Oklahoma. They compared the rates of accidental death—by drowning, car wrecks, over-exertion and so on—and found that people in honor states had significantly higher accidental death rates than did people in non-honor states, especially among White men.
Honor cultures are more powerful in rural areas, where the influence of personal reputation is higher than it is in cities. Although honor states had a 14% higher accidental death rate in the cities, they had a 19% higher rate of accidental death in more rural areas, compared to non-honor states. More than 7,000 deaths a year can be attributed to risk-taking associated with the culture of honor in the USA.
“Exposing yourself to potentially deadly situations is proof of strength and courage, and because this proof is such a concern for people living in cultures of honor, they suffer from a higher rate of accidental fatalities,” said the authors.###
The article “Living Dangerously: Culture of Honor, Risk-Taking, and the Non-Randomness of ‘Accidental’ Deaths” in Social Psychological and Personality Science is available free for a limited time at: http://spp.sagepub.com/content/early/2011/06/03/1948550611410440.full.pdf+html .
This blog presents a sampling of health and medical news and resources for all. Selected articles and resources will hopefully be of general interest but will also encourage further reading through posted references and other links. Currently I am focusing on public health, basic and applied research and very broadly on disease and healthy lifestyle topics.
Several times a month I will post items on international and global health issues. My Peace Corps Liberia experience (1980-81) has formed me as a global citizen in many ways and has challenged me to think of health and other topics in a more holistic manner. (For those wishing to see pictures of a 2009 Friends of Liberia service trip to this West African country, please visit www.fol.org. My photo album is included).
This blog is a companion site to my Health and Medical News and Resources Web site with…
- Informational sites and guides
- Links to help from others (as health care providers and support groups)
- Interactive tools (as health calculators and apps)
- Select related news sites and blogs
My professional work experience and education includes over 10 years experience as a medical librarian and a Master’s in Library Science. In my most recent position I enjoyed contributing to our library’s blog, performing in depth literature searches, and collaborating with faculty, staff, students, and the general public.
While I will never be be able to keep up with the universe of current health/medical news,
I subscribe to the following to glean entries for this blog
- Medical News Today, a MediLexicon International daily online health news product
- MedLib-L ,a medical librarian discussion list
- Science Daily – Your source for the latest research news
- A Consumer and Patient Health (CAPHIS) discussion list , by a section of the Medical Library Association (MLA)
- MedlinePlus email updates from the US National Institutes of Health
- Public Health Partners from the National Library of Medicine
- US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) electronic newsletter with updates on the agency’s efforts to “improve the quality, safety, efficiency, and effectiveness of health care for all Americans”
- Krafty (Medical)Librarian,” a collection of writings from Michelle Kraft on items of interest to medical librarians. She tends to write on technology and medical libraries but she also writes about things in general on librarianship, medicine and health”
- Research Buzz, “news about search engines, digital archives, online museums, databases, and other Internet information collections since 1998″
- Library Journal – Breaking News
- librarian.net by librarian consultant Jessamyn West
- The Cornflower, the blog of the National Network of Libraries of Medicine Greater Midwest Region
- DocuTicker with “abstracts from ‘grey literature’: PDF reports published by government agencies, think tanks, NGOs, research institutes and other public interest groups”
- PubMed New and Noteworthy, updates from the largest indexer of biomedical journals in the world
- Free Government Information, a ”place for initiating dialogue and building consensus among the various players (libraries, government agencies, non-profit organizations, researchers, journalists, etc.) who have a stake in the preservation of and perpetual free access to government information”
- Scout Report, a “weekly publication offering a selection of new and newly discovered Internet resources of interest to researchers and educators”
- Latest from Brookings Institute, independent research reports on social and political issues
- KevinMD.com -”Social Media’s leading physician voice”
- EurekAlert-Medicine and Health
- A New Order for CPR, named CAB (Compression-Airway- Breathing)
- [Reblog] JAMA Network | JAMA | Evidence-Based Medicine—An Oral History
- Do Cell Phones Make Us Less Socially Minded?
- Augmented Reality - A tool for radiologists and other healthcare professionals
- Infographic: 60 Ideas to Beat Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
- Food Cravings Table - "if you crave this...what you really need is this"
- Infectious Diseases Associated with Service in Gulf War, Iraq, and Afghanistan
- USDA Supertracker -Our Third Week of Tracking Nutrition & Physical Activity
- [Reblog] Infographic: Top Trends in Telemedicine (at mHealthWatch)
- The first medical paper about Google Glass.