Teens who more openly express their own viewpoints in discussions with their moms, even if their viewpoints disagree, are more likely than others to resist peer pressure to use drugs or drink.
That’s one of the findings of a new longitudinal study by researchers at the University of Virginia. The study appears in the journal Child Development.
The researchers looked at more than 150 teens and their parents, a group that was racially, ethnically, and socioeconomically diverse. The teens were studied at ages 13, 15, and 16 to gather information on substance use, interactions with moms, social skills, and close friendships. Researchers used not just the youths’ own reports, but information from parents and peers. They also observed teens’ social interactions with family members and peers.
They found that teens who hold their own in family discussions were better at standing up to peer influences to use drugs or alcohol. Among the best protected were teens who had learned to argue well with their moms about such topics as grades, money, household rules, and friends. Arguing well was defined as trying to persuade their mothers with reasoned arguments, rather than with pressure, whining, or insults.
“The healthy autonomy they’d established at home seemed to carry over into their relationships with peers,” suggests Joseph P. Allen, Hugh P. Kelly Professor of Psychology at the University of Virginia, who led the study. …
- Study: Argumentative Teens More Likely To Resist Peer Pressure (clutchmagonline.com)
- Argumentative Teens More Likely to Resist Peer Pressure (psychcentral.com)
- Teens Who Butt Heads With Mom Better At Resisting Peer Pressure (livescience.com)
- Teen, mom debates may help resist peer pressure (cbc.ca)
- Arguing with Mom Helps Teens Fend Off Peer Pressure (healthland.time.com)
- Teens who argue with mom might resist peer pressure (ctv.ca)
- Does Your Teen Constantly Challenge You? (nlm.nih.gov)
- Teens who stand up against mom are better at resisting peer pressure: study (theglobeandmail.com)
- Teens who argue with mom might resist peer pressure: study (ctv.ca)
- Teens: Why Arguing With Mom Helps Fend Off Teen Pressure (healthland.time.com)
Too Many Hours on the Job May Put Teens at Risk
Schoolwork, behavior may suffer when high schoolers work more than 20 hours a week, study says
SUNDAY, Feb. 6 (HealthDay News) — High school students who work more than 20 hours a week at part-time jobs during the school year may be more likely to have academic and behavior problems, according to a new study.
U.S. researchers analyzed data collected in the late 1980s from 1,800 middle-class teens in grades 10 and 11 in order to compare students who had jobs with those who didn’t work.
The study found that working more than 20 hours a week was associated with reduced school engagement, lower expectations for further education, and an increase in illegal activities including stealing, carrying a weapon, and using alcohol and illicit drugs.
These negative behaviors persisted even after such teens reduced their work hours or stopped working, the investigators found.
However, teens who worked fewer hours appeared to experience negligible academic, psychological or behavioral effects, according to the study published in the January/February issue of the journal Child Development.
“Although working during high school is unlikely to turn law-abiding teenagers into felons or cause students to flunk out of school, the extent of the adverse effects we found is not trivial, and even a small decline in school engagement or increase in problem behavior may be of concern to many parents,” study leader Kathryn C. Monahan, a postdoctoral research scientist at the University of Washington, said in a news release from the Society for Research in Child Development.
She recommended that parents, educators and policymakers monitor and limit the number of hours worked by high school students.
SOURCE: Society for Research in Child Development, news release, Feb. 4, 2011
The International Child & Youth Care Network (CYC-NET) is a registered non-profit and public benefit organisation in South Africa. It aims to “promote and facilitate reading, learning, information sharing, discussion, networking, support and accountable practice amongst all who work with children, youth and families in difficulty.” However parents and others will undoubtedly find information at this Web site to be useful.
Many items at the home page are updated at least weekly as Daily News, Today, Press Release, and Link.
The home page has two main gateways to information through the tabs
- Learning Zone with free online courses and training/educational podcasts
- Network with site statistics, as recent top queries and the average number of daily visitors. On January 26,2011 the Recent top search queries were bullied to death, homeless children statistics, bowlby, montesorri, anorexia nervosa, principles of management, punishment for children, bipolar disorder, peer influence, positive reinforcement for children, effects of corporal punishment, heroin stories.
- Youth Violence Symptom of Untreated Depression – Not Video Games (brain4biz.wordpress.com)
- Do Violent Video Games Really Make Us Violent(Medical News Today)?
“Drs Simon Goodson and Sarah Pearson, who both lecture in Psychology, have revealed how playing a sporting video game is more emotionally evocative than a violent one.”
- Careful with Violent Video Games (brain4biz.wordpress.com)
- Influence of Media Violence on Youth (Psychological Science in the Public Interest)
- Play Violent Video Games, Just Don’t Think About Them (fyiliving.com)
- Research On The Multiple Dimensions Of Video Game Effects (May 10, 2011, Medical News Today)”A new article by Gentile appearing in the journal Child Development Perspectivesargues that existing video game literature can’t be classified in black and white terms. Instead, there’s a vast grey area when considering the multiple dimensions of video game effects on children and adolescents.Gentile writes that there are at least five dimensions on which video games can affect players simultaneously – amount of play, content of play, game context, structure of the game, and the mechanics of game play. “
- REPORT – Gamers May Not be Desensitized by Violent Video Games (gonintendo.com)
- Do Video Games Hone Players’ Killer Instincts? Not So Much (reason.com)
- War: It’s not like a video game (preternaturalpost.wordpress.com)
- What you don’t know can hurt you: Violence, catharsis, and video games (psychologytoday.com)
MONDAY, Sept. 27 (HealthDay News) — Doctors often fail to screen their adolescent eating-disorder patients for evidence of self-inflicted physical harm in the form of cutting or burning, new research reveals.
The observation stems from work conducted by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine and Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital in Palo Alto, Calif.
Led by Dr. Rebecka Peebles (who conducted the study while a Stanford pediatrics instructor), the research team published its findings in the Sept. 28 online edition of the Journal of Adolescent Health.[As a pre-publication, only available by individual subscription, for more information, ask a reference librarian at any academic or medical institution]
Peebles and her colleagues noted that eating disorders typically found among adolescents, such as bulimia and anorexia, are often associated with a higher risk for self-inflicted injury. This, Peebles noted in a Stanford news release, often stems from a troubled patient’s need to try “to feel pain.”
“Patients describe a feeling of release that comes when they cut or burn themselves,” she said. “They’ll cut with a razor or a scissor blade. Sometimes we’ve even had kids who will take the tip of a paper clip and gouge holes. To burn themselves, they’ll heat up a metal object and press it to their skin, or they’ll use cigarettes.”
Prior research has indicated that between 13 percent and 40 percent of all American adolescents engage in some form of self-injury. The practice is also linked to a higher risk for suicide, the study authors noted.
Discrimination experienced by U.S. teens from Latin American and Asian backgrounds can affect their grades and health, and is associated with depression, distress and reduced self-esteem, a new study has found….
Discrimination can be especially hard on teens, the study authors noted.
“These are the years when social identity is arguably more salient among teenagers who are struggling with defining who they are. Adding on a ‘layer’ of discrimination is not an easy thing for them to deal with,” one of the study authors, Andrew J. Fuligni, a professor of psychiatry at UCLA’s Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, said in a university news release.
“Discrimination significantly predicted lower [grade-point averages], higher levels of depression, higher levels of distress, lower self-esteem and more physical complaints,” Fuligni added. “So the bottom line? Discrimination is harmful.”
The study was released online in advance of publication in an upcoming print issue of the Journal of Research on Adolescence. If you do not have a subscription to this journal, check with your local public or academic library to see if there is a way you can access it for free or a lower cost.
**Teen Mental Health (MedlinePlus) has great informational links for teens and parents
Remember your local public library!
**Your local public library not only has books, but information about local agencies which can assist you in many areas, including parenting, mental health, and dealing with discrimination. Ask for a reference librarian! She or he will give your professional confidential assistance in locating information online and in print.
According to a recent news report, pushing back the start of the high school starting time has yielded good results.
High school pushed back start of day by 30 minutes, with good results. More students were getting 8 hours of sleep, fewer students were sleepy during the idea, mood and depression symptoms lessened, and more students were interested and motivated to participate in academic and athletic activities.
“Results from the 2009 national YRBS indicated that many high school students are engaged in behaviors that increase their likelihood for the leading causes of death among persons aged 10–24 years in the United States. Among high school students nationwide, 9.7% rarely or never wore a seat belt when riding in a car driven by someone else. During the 30 days before the survey, 28.3% of high school students rode in a car or other vehicle driven by someone who had been drinking alcohol, 17.5% had carried a weapon, 41.8% had drunk alcohol, and 20.8% had used marijuana. During the 12 months before the survey, 31.5% of high school students had been in a physical fight and 6.3% had attempted suicide. Substantial morbidity and social problems among youth also result from unintended pregnancies and STDs, including HIV infection. Among high school students nationwide, 34.2% were currently sexually active, 38.9% of currently sexually active students had not used a condom during their last sexual intercourse, and 2.1% of students had ever injected an illegal drug. Results from the 2009 YRBS also indicated that many high school students are engaged in behaviors associated with the leading causes of death among adults aged ≥25 years in the United States. During 2009, 19.5% of high school students smoked cigarettes during the 30 days before the survey. During the 7 days before the survey, 77.7% of high school students had not eaten fruits and vegetables five or more times per day, 29.2% had drunk soda or pop at least one time per day, and 81.6% were not physically active for at least 60 minutes per day on all 7 days. One-third of high school students attended physical education classes daily, and 12.0% were obese.”